To read and type Malayalam

A computer represents an alphabet [technically called language script] using a number code. The coding scheme which is currently used (ASCII) however only represents the English alphabet and numerals and some special characters.

Unicode is a new encoding scheme which represents all alphabets in all languages in the world. In Unicode, Malayalam first letter ‘a’ (അ) is given the code number 3333. Similarly, different numbers are given for rest of Malayalam alphabets. The fonts that understand this new encoding scheme are called Unicode fonts.

To read and type Malayalam properly in your computer you have to use Unicode Malayalam fonts. [The same also applies to other languages; to read and type a particular language you need to have the Unicode font of that language.]

To work using  a Unicode font of a language, we also need,

  • The Operating System support for displaying that language script [in our case support for displaying malayalam]. This is technically called font rendering support. If the OS has no proper support, we may still be able to view the language but there will be errors. In Malayalam we usually have problems like ‘Chillu’ and ‘diacritics’ [കേ, കൊ] etc.
  • A system for inputting the language script to the computer. Operating Systems usually support keyboard layouts for different languages. Once enabled, we could use the normal keyboard for inputting. For example, typing button ‘K’ inputs malayalam script ‘ക’ (ka).
  • Applications supporting Unicode scheme. Like notepad, IE, Word, Firefox etc. Almost all of the programs of the latest Operating systems support Unicode.

Using unicode, you can read and create malayalam text and websites, blog and chat in malayalam, and even search google in malayalam, See here for an example of searching google in malayalam .

Now lets see how this can be accomplished in various Operating systems,

Windows 7

Windows 7 has by default support for reading and typing Malayalam.

You can view Malayalam webpages without doing anything special. Just check it out here.

If you like, you may install more Malayalam fonts like, AnjaliOldLipi, Raghu etc from here. Here is a picture of the fonts listed.

For typing,
1. Enable Malayalam typing by,
Control panel > ‘Change Keyboard or other Input methods’ (under section ‘Clock, Languages and Region’) > ‘Keyboard and Languages’ tab > Change keyboards… > General tab > click Add and choose Malayalam.
The layout for the Malayalam keyboard is the same Inscript layout shown here.
Now you can type Malayalam directly into any application.
Also check the ‘Language Bar’ tab. You can add a button on the taskbar for switching between Malayalam and English typing.

2. You can use Google transliteration IME to input Malayalam letters using the Mozhi scheme directly to any application. It has features like word completion.

3. You can use web based Google transliteration service , to type Malayalam in the transliteration scheme of Mozhi, and it will be converted to Malayalam automatically, Then you can copy paste it into your programs. Google transliteration service is also used in Orkut to input Malayalam.
The advantage of this method is that you can test typing, right after you setup viewing.

4. The options listed for Windows XP, like the Mozhi keyman, Varamozhi editor etc may work for windows 7 (I’ve not tested it).

Windows 95/98/Me/NT and 2000

These OS’s have no proper support for Malayalam script rendering. :(
Fortunately IE has good support and you can use it.

Install a Malayalam unicode font like AnjaliOldLipi. Download it from here.
Go to Control Panel > Fonts.  Choose File > Install font and browse to your font and click OK.

And use IE (ver 6 is good) to view malayalam pages, although the display may not be perfect.
On Internet Explorer 6: Go to Tools -> Internet Options. Click Fonts and Choose Malayalam and set AnjaliOldLipi as the font.

Check whether you can read malayalam at malayalam wikipedia.

To type Malayalam
They do not have direct support for inputting malayalam.

1. Try using the Inscript keyboard layout program from CDAC, Govt of India.
Download it from here. Unzip and doubleclick Setup.exe to install.
An icon should come at the taskbar which enables you to switch, keyboards. The key map is here.
[Please confirm if you have success in using this]

2. You could also try the methods specified for ‘typing Malayalam’ in Windows XP/2003, [except method 1].
Please see below.

Windows XP/2003

Windows XP SP2 and 2003 has default support for rendering Malayalam.

To enable it,
Go to Start > Control Panel.
If you are in “Category View” select the icon that says Date, Time, Language and Regional Options and then select Regional and Language Options.
If you are in “Classic View” select the icon that says Regional and Language Options.
Select the Languages tab and make sure the option saying Install files for complex script and right-to-left languages (including Thai) is checked. Click OK.
A confirmation message should now appear – press OK on this confirmation message to allow the OS to install necessary files from the Windows XP CD and then reboot if prompted.

Check whether you can read malayalam at malayalam wikipedia.

You should install AnjaliOldLipi font in any case. The default font provided by XP called ‘karthika‘ is not good and small.
Install AnjaliOldLipi malayalam unicode font.
Download from here.
Go to Control Panel > Fonts.  Choose File > Install font and browse to your font and click OK.

Enable firefox and IE to use this font.
For Firefox  Go to Tools > Options > Content.
You can see the Fonts & Colors section. Take Advanced.
Choose Malayalam from the Fonts for dropdown menu.
Now set AnjaliOldLipi in each of the dropdown list. Click Ok and Ok.

For IE, Go to Tools > Internet Options.
Click Fonts and Choose Malayalam form the Language Script dropdown menu
Set the font as AnjaliOldLipi in the below list box.

See IE, FF and notepad displaying malayalam in my windows XP, using the default font karthika. You can also see the keyboard layout switcher in the taskbar near system tray.
Malayalam pages displayed in Windows XP

To type Malayalam
1. Windows XP SP2 and 2003 has default support for typing malayalam. This is the Inscript keyboard layout from CDAC, Govt of India.
To enable it, Choose Regional and Language Options from Control Panel. On Languages tab click Details.
Click the Add button and Choose Malayalam(India). Click Apply.
Now Click Language bar… button and check Show Language bar… and Show additional language bar…
A menu will appear in the taskbar which allows you to select the malayalam keyboard. The key map is here.

Now you can type Malayalam directly into any application.

2. Use a keyboard mapper called Mozhi Keyman to type Malayalam directly into the computer in transliteration scheme[eg typing english keys ‘ithu’ will output malayalam ‘ഇതു’.]
Download Mozhi keyman here and install it. Once it is installed you will see its icon(letter K) in system-tray. Click on it and choose ‘Mozhi’ to enable it. The icon will now change to malayalam (ക)
Use this mozhi scheme to type.

3. You can use a software called Varamozhi, This software allows text inputting in same transliteration scheme of Mozhi, and once you are done export it to unicode file. Download and install Varamozhi here. Visit varamozhi site for details on how to use it

4. You can use web based Google transliteration service , to type Malayalam in the transliteration scheme of Mozhi, and it will be converted to malayalam automatically, Then you can copy paste it into your programs.  Google transliteration service is also used in Orkut to input malayalam.
The advantage of this method is that you can test typing, right after you setup viewing.

Some more key mappers and web based services are listed here

Windows Vista

Windows Vista has default support for reading and typing malayalam. Check the section for Windows 7, the steps are almost similar.

GNU/Linux

GNOME and KDE both has good support for malayalam script rendering.

You will only need to install malayalam unicode font.

To install AnjaliOldLipi,
Download from here. To install, open your File Manager, type fonts:/// in the addressbar and hit enter and paste fonts in that folder.

OR you could install the distribution specific fonts by commands,
Redhat, Cent OS, RHEL , Fedora etc – yum install fonts-malayalam
Debian, Ubuntu etc – apt-get install ttf-malayam-fonts

Restart X-server by logging out and logging in back.

Usually Firefox is capable of detecting the malayalam font to display. If not,
Go to Tools > Options > Content.
You can see the Fonts & Colors section. Take Advanced.
Choose Malayalam from the Fonts for dropdown menu.
Now set AnjaliOldLipi in each of the dropdown list. Click Ok and Ok.

See firefox displaying malayalam in my Cent OS 5.3. The only error i could see is for the rendering of ‘nte’ as in “എന്റെ”

Malayalam wikipedia in Firefox in CentoOS

To type malayalam
1. Both GNOME and KDE has support for malayalam keyboard layout. The is the Inscript keyboard layout from CDAC, Govt of India.

To enable it,
For GNOME,
Go to System > Preferences > Keyboard. Select the Layouts tab.
Press Add, then select India > Malayalam from Available Layouts frame and then press Add. You could also see an image depicting the keymappings.

Now add a icon for changing keyboard layouts,
Right click on the main menu on your desktop and select Add to Panel….
Select Keyboard Indicator and click Add. Position the keyboard indicator on your menu bar and click it to switch between keyboard layouts.

For KDE,
In the Control Center, go to Regional & Accessibility, Keyboard Layout
In the tab Layout, click on Enable keyboard layouts
Choose the Malayalam in Available layouts and click on Apply
Now, you will have an icon for the KDE Keyboard Tool in your panel, in which you can choose the layout you want

2. You could also use the Google transliteration service. Check the section on ‘typing malayalam’ in Windows XP above for more details.

Mac

Mac OS X has no support for rendering Malayalam script at the time of writing. Mac OS X has support for only Devanagari, Gujarati and Gurmukhi scripts. So mac can properly display only the languages that use these scripts [like Hindi, Sanskrit, etc ]

We could still install the malayalam unicode fonts, and can get some readable display.
Download the font malayalam.ttf from here. [Mac needs its own specific truetype Unicode fonts to work with its font rendering engine AAT, So AnjaliOldLipi, Meera doesnot work here.]

We now have a new font called RachanMac.ttf. Download it from here. Credits to Manoj and Vinod for making this mac version of Rachana font. [Please uninstall any previous malayalam fonts that you have installed before installing this.]

Install the font by double clicking on it. Once the font is installed you will see ‘Rachana’ in the System Preferences > International > Language list

Usually in Mac we do not need to change anything in Firefox or Safari to see malayalam. Mac is intelligent enough to  automatically hunt through your installed fonts to find any font that includes the character symbol.

Check this page with  firefox and safari.

See this screenshot of firefox displaying malayalam wikipedia page in Mac. You can see that it is perfect.
Malayalam wikipedia in Mac firefox

To type malayalam
1. The Google transliteration service can be used in mac too. Check the section on ‘typing malayalam’ in Windows XP above for more details.

2. For small texts, you could use the Mac’s unicode hex input, to directly input the keycode of the required letter.
Go to System Preferences > Keyboard and enable Unicode Hex Input checkbox. Now, a keyboard menu will appear on the menubar, Click on it choose Unicode Hex Input and press Option key and type the unicode code, and it will be inputted. Malayalam Unicode Hex chart can be downloaded here.

3. A mac malayalam keyboard layout by Manoj is here. Download the the Layout file and install it as per the instructions given in the same page.

To view Manorama, Mathrubhumi and Deepika website.

Fonts used in the websites like Malayala-manorama and Deepika etc are not unicode, they are just usual ASCII encoded fonts which uses malayalam symbols at the places of English one’s. They use the code numbers assigned for English alphabets for Malayalam. This method does not have any of the features of Unicode fonts.

These sites use a technology of Internet Explorer called ‘Dynamic fonts’ where the font is automatically downloaded to your computer when you first visit their site in IE. Therefore, these sites by default, usually only work for IE.

Now, to view these sites in firefox or other browsers, you will have to manually download this font and install them. Refer previous sections on how to install a font for your operating system.

Manorama font – http://www.manoramaonline.com/mmfont/Manorama.ttf
Deepika font – http://www.deepika.com/mlkr0ntt_TTF.ttf

Mathrubhumi however uses Unicode font Meera hardcoded in to the HTML source. You will be able to view Mathrubhumi site after installing any unicode malayalam font.
If you want to install Meera font, download it at,
Mathurbhumi font – http://www.mathrubhumi.com/new09/Meera_04-2.ttf

Some More Malayalam Unicode fonts.

I have also collected some of the other Malayalam unicode fonts available. You could download them from here. Full credits to the creators of the font.Check the included copying.txt for information about the creators.

To have a look at how these fonts look, see this picture.

Some Issues

Webpage appears full of garbage even after installing font.
Try changing the encoding to UTF-8 from View > Character Encoding in FF and View > Encoding in IE

Credits-
Malayalam Computing, by Govt of Kerala. – This site include the latest on using malayalm in computers. Visit this site for further information on Computers and malayalam. Refer this site for details on how to use the Inscript keyboard.

Cibu and his Varamoshi page
Malayalam Wikipedia
Swathantra Malayalam computing
– for all the fonts.
MalayalamLinux
Project – for the mac font.
Santhosh – http://fci.wikia.com/wiki/SMC/Fonts – for the picture of fonts
Rohit and Sony for helping with the mac section and screenshots.

63 thoughts on “To read and type Malayalam

  1. Pingback: To Read and Write Malayalam. « mySYS

  2. Roni

    Hi toni. .

    Plz check the source code of this site. You can see the same malyalam wordings in the source code too. I just wanted to do the same for my site. I saved my paragraph in unicode. Its shows in the brower correctly. But when i check the source code, it shows the unicode instead of the malaylam wordings. Could you please solve this..

  3. tony Post author

    Hi Roni,
    You can see the malayalam letters in the browser correctly and not in the browser’s own source viewer? But with this website it works in both?. This is strange!

    Which browser are you using? Firefox?

    do you have character encoding explicitly declared in your webpage? I mean the,
    charset=UTF-8 meta tag.

    btw what is the problem if its not displayed correctly in your browser’s source viewer? Afterall your website is still working fine..
    Tony

  4. Sooraj

    Hi Tony,

    I am trying to read mathrubhumi newspaper using Firefox in my MacBook Pro for a long time. But it never works :(. I downloaded the meera font from the location you mentioned. Once the download finished, I clicked “Install Font” and the font went to “User” fonts in FontBook. When I tried to find at which location this went, following is the result:

    sooraj-mac:~ sooraj$ find / -iname ‘*meera*’
    /Users/sooraj/Downloads/Meera_04-2(2).ttf
    /Users/sooraj/Downloads/Meera_04-2.ttf
    /Users/sooraj/Library/Fonts/Meera_04-2.ttf

    Now the strange thing is, in fontbook “Meera” is shown in “English” fonts and all the characters are also English, unlike, say Wingdings which is only listed in “All Fonts”. Please let me know if you have some clue about this issue.

    Thanks,
    Sooraj

  5. tony Post author

    Sooraj, Mac needs ‘its own specific truetype Unicode’ fonts to work. So normal unicode malayalam fonts like Meera, AnjaliOldLipi does not work.

    Could you again read the section for Mac in this article, and install the ‘malayalam.ttf’ font as specified there and let us know the result?
    With this malayalam.ttf font you should get a readable display of the mathrubhumi site in Mac. Although it may not be as good as with Meera font.

    Tony

  6. Sooraj

    Hello Tony

    Thank you very much. Installing malayalam.ttf helped as you mentioned. Yes, it does not make it for good reading. But I found the perfect font for mac which is Rachana. After removing malayalam font and installing rachana I can read mathrubhumi without any problem.

    Thanks,
    Sooraj

  7. meena

    i would like to know the list that help me type malayalam using english keyboard

    which is the best alternative when i have to make question papers in malayalam?

  8. arun

    hi, i have some cool fonts like, thiruvathira, Theyyam etc…

    bt how could i type in on them, using this method…?
    i tried, bt failed…
    its only geting karthka, or anjali old lipi only

    ::
    will anyone provide hints to type with that fonts..?

  9. tony Post author

    Hi Rashi,
    Windows 7 has by default support for reading and typing malayalam.
    You can view malayalam webpages without doing anything special. Just check it out.
    For typing, enable malayalam typing by,
    Control panel > ‘Change Keyboard or other Input methods’ (under setcion ‘Clock, Languages and Region’) > ‘Keyboard and Languages’ tab > Change keyboards… > General tab > click Add and choose Malayalam.
    The layout for the malayalam keybord is the same Inscript layout shown here. http://www.33dots.com/pub/malayalam/Inscript-key-layout.jpg
    Also check the ‘Language Bar’ tab. You can add a button on the taksbar for switching between Malayalam and English typing.

  10. tony Post author

    Hi Arun,
    Most probably the fonts you are talking are not Unicode fonts. So they wont work using the method described in this page.

    I guess the fonts you are talking are “ASCII encoded fonts” which uses malayalam symbols at the places of English one’s.. For example malayalam alphbet ‘pa’ at the place of english ‘P’
    If that is the case, you can type using that font simply by using MS Word. Choose your font from the font list and start typing abcd etc to see if malayalam characters are typed.

    tony..

  11. vishnu

    hi tony,
    im here for a help.
    im using KDE(kubuntu 10.04) and selected malayalam as one of the language..
    but there is only 2 keybord layout varients there… lalitha and one more..
    neither svanalekha nor varamozhi is there…

    i prefer varamozhi and how can i add that…
    hope you will replay and i will be thankfull if you could poke me at my mail(diegovishnu@gmail.com) after your replay….

  12. Martin Jeaks

    നന്ദി ടോണി.
    മലയാളം വളരെ നാളായി ടൈപ്പ് ചെയ്ത് വരുന്നു. എന്നാല്‍ ഇന്നലെ സിസ്റ്റം പുതിക്കിയതിന്റെ ഭാഗമായ് വേര്‍ഡ് 2007 ഇന്‍സ്റ്റാള്‍ ചെയ്തു. പക്ഷേ മലയാളം ടൈപ്പ് ചെയ്യാന്‍ പറ്റുന്നില്ല. മൊഴി കീമാപ്പാണ് ഉപയോഗിക്കുന്നത്
    usp10.DLL എന്ന system32 ഫോള്‍ഡറിലെ പയലും (office10 എന്ന ഫോള്‍ഡര്‍ കാണാത്തത് കാരണം) office12 എന്ന ഡയറക്ടറിയിലെ usp10.DLL ഫയലും താങ്കള്‍ പറഞ്ഞതുപോലേ മാറ്റി. പക്ഷേ വേര്‍ഡില്‍ ടൈപ്പ് ചെയ്യുമ്പോള്‍ ഒന്നും തെളിയുന്നില്ല. അതേസമയം ഇന്‍‌ഗ്ലീഷില്‍ ടൈപ്പ് ചെയ്താല്‍ കാണാം. ദയവായി സഹായിക്കാമോ?

  13. tony Post author

    ഹായ് മാര്‍ട്ടിന്‍,
    usp10.dll ഒക്കെ വേര്‍ഡ്‌ 2000 ന് ആയിരുന്നു. അതും ചില്ലക്ഷരങ്ങള്‍ വൃത്തിയായി കാണിക്കാന്‍. അതൊന്നും ഇവിടെ പ്രസക്തമല്ല. സാധിക്കുമെങ്കില്‍ എല്ലാം പഴയപടി ആക്കുക.
    താങ്കളുടെ വിന്‍ഡോസ് പുതുക്കിയില്ല എന്ന് വിശ്വസിക്കുന്നു. Notepad ലും മറ്റും മലയാളം ടൈപ്പ് ചെയ്യാന്‍ പറ്റുനുണ്ടല്ലോ അല്ലേ.
    വേര്‍ഡിലേക്ക് മലയാളം copy paste ചെയ്‌താല്‍ വല്ലതും കാണിക്കുന്നുണ്ടോ? Font list ല്‍ മലയാളം ഫോണ്ട് സെലക്ട്‌ ചെയ്തു ടൈപ്പ് ചെയ്തു നോക്കിയാലോ?

  14. Martin Jeaks

    ഹായ് ടോണി,
    ഫോണ്ട് ലിസ്റ്റില്‍ അഞലിഒള്‍ഡ് ലിപിയും മറ്റ് മലയാളം ലിപികളും ലഭ്യമാണ്. പഴയ usp10.dll ഫയലുകള്‍ തിരിച്ചു സ്ഥാപിച്ചു. വേര്‍ഡ് 2007 ല്‍ ഇപ്പോള്‍ ടൈപ്പ് ചെയ്യാന്‍ പറ്റുമെങ്കിലും പഴയപടി തന്നെ. നോട്ട് പാഡില്‍ വളരെ ഭംഗിയായ് മലയാളത്തില്‍ ടൈപ്പ് ചെയ്യാം. ഒപ്പണ്‍ ഓഫീസിലും ഭംഗിയായി ടൈപ്പ് ചെയ്യാം. ടോണിയുടെ നിര്‍ദ്ദേശങ്ങള്‍ക്ക് വളരെ നന്ദി. വീണ്ടും കാണാം!!

  15. tony Post author

    ഹായ് മാര്‍ട്ടിന്‍,
    താങ്കള്‍ക്ക് എന്തെങ്കിലും ഒരു മാര്‍ഗ്ഗം കിട്ടിയാല്‍ സാധിക്കുമെങ്കില്‍ ഇവിടെ ചേര്‍ക്കുക. ഒരു പക്ഷെ മറ്റു പലര്‍ക്കും ആതു ഉപകാരപെട്ടേക്കാം.
    വീണ്ടും കാണാം!! :)

  16. Pingback: Tweets that mention How to read and type malayalam in my computer | 33dots -- Topsy.com

  17. Sudheesh

    Hi,
    I was trying to install meera font (downloaded from Mathrubhumi site) in Ubuntu 11.04. It seems to have installed fine, but chillaksharangal are not working it seems. Anybody knows what the problem is?

  18. രാജന്.കെ.കെ

    ഇഷ്ടമായി ഈ മാര്ഗം.പക്ഷേ ചില്ലക്ഷരങ്ങല് വൃത്തിയായി കാണുന്നില്ലല്ലോ.എന്തു ചെയ്യും

  19. tony Post author

    Hi Sudheesh and Rajan,
    For better display of ‘chillaksharams’ you have to use unicode 5.1 complying fonts.
    Check this link. It has details for both Windows and GNU/Linux
    http://ml.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E0%B4%B8%E0%B4%B9%E0%B4%BE%E0%B4%AF%E0%B4%82:To_Read_in_Malayalam

    Thanks Arjun for the link. Pls do add such info again for the benefit of all of us.

    Antony, for a malayalam text to speech you could try ‘Dhvani’
    http://dhvani.sourceforge.net/
    An online version of dhvani is avalilable here
    http://silpa.org.in/TTS

    tony

  20. Niju

    The above post getting in malayalam as i want..but i given only the ASCII values..(dont know how it came like that).

  21. tony Post author

    Hi Niju, I dont know how to solve your problem as i have no connection with jsp. But ill try to give you some pointers. You may already be knowing these..

    A unicode character can be encoded in HTML by using a ‘Numeric Character Reference”. This is what you are actually seeing as the output of your JSP page.

    The, &#3374 is indeed malayalam letter ‘&#3374′ .When such a text is interpreted by a markup-aware reader (eg: firefox) it displays the respective unicode character. Since your pdf creator is not ‘markup-aware’ it can only treats it as plain ASCII.

    I think it will be possible to set some directive in ‘tomcat’ or in your jsp application, so that it outputs in unicode characters and not in numeric character references. Try asking at some jsp/tomcat forums..
    If you find any solution pls update us too..

  22. Anna

    Hi,
    How can we fix the chillaksharanjal.its not coming right in Anjali font,works only in some laptops.is there a way to fix that.

  23. Anna

    Thanks,I was trying to type some documents in Malayalam ,but the chillu
    was not coming right even with Anjali font. Any ideas?

  24. tony Post author

    Sorry Anna, i dont know a 100pc fool proof method. :(
    The only thing i can suggest is to use the latest OS (win7 or latest linux) use the latest unicode font as suggested in the previous link i gave.

  25. timon

    ma os is windows 7 basic.i can read malayalam wikipedia bt cant read online malayalam newspaper like manorama online..plz help me..

  26. Martin Jeaks

    പ്രിയ ടോണി.
    ഏകദ്ദേശം ഒന്നര വര്‍ഷത്തിനു ശേഷം ഈ ബ്ലോഗില്‍ വീണ്ടും വന്നു. ഒരു സംശയം. മലയാളത്തില്‍ ടൈപ്പ് ചെയ്യുമ്പോള്‍ സൗകര്യം എന്നത് ( ഈ “സൗകര്യം“ tamilcube.com എന്ന ഇഗ്ലീഷ്- മലയാളം നിഘണ്ടുവില്‍ നിന്ന് കോപ്പി ചെയ്തത്) open office-ലോ, word-ലോ ടൈപ്പ് ചെയ്യുമ്പോള്‍ സൌകര്യം എന്ന് വരുന്നതെന്തുകൊണ്ടാണ്? കോപ്പി ചെയ്ത “സൗകര്യം” open office- ലും word- ലും ഉപയോഗിക്കാനും എഡിറ്റ് ചെയ്യാനും കഴിയുന്നു. എന്തുകൊണ്ടാണ് open office-ലോ, word-ലോ ടൈപ്പ് ചെയ്യാന്‍ സാധിക്കാത്തത്? open office-ലോ, word-ലോ മലയാളം ടൈപ്പ് ചെയ്തിട്ട് അതിന്റെ യൂണികോഡ് അക്ഷരങ്ങള്‍ കാന്‍ണാന്‍ സാധിക്കുമൊ?
    നന്ദി.

  27. tony Post author

    ഹായ് മാര്‍ട്ടിന്‍,
    വീണ്ടും വന്നതില്‍ സന്തോഷം.
    Latest UNICODE ചാര്‍ട്ടില്‍ നോക്കുമ്പോള്‍ ‘ഔ’ ശബ്ദത്തിനു 2 code കാണുന്നു. OD4Cയും OD57നും. ഉപയോഗിക്കുമ്പോള്‍ യഥാക്രമം ‘സൌ’ എന്നും ‘സൗ’ എന്നും വരും.
    പക്ഷെ നമ്മുടെ keyboard layout ല്‍ OD4C മാത്രമേ കൊടുത്തിട്ടുള്ളൂ. അതുകൊണ്ട് രണ്ടാമത്തെ രീതിയില്‍ ടൈപ്പ് ചെയ്യാന്‍ മറ്റു മാര്‍ഗ്ഗങ്ങള്‍ ഉപയോഗിക്കണം. (ഉദാ: copy ചെയ്യുക, google transliterate etc , macല്‍ നേരിട്ട് unicode അടിച്ചു കൊടുക്കാം)
    http://unicode.org/charts/PDF/U0D00.pdf

    പിന്നെ, ഒരു കോപ്പി notepadല്‍ സേവ് ചെയ്തു, ഒരു hex editorല്‍ നോക്കിയാല്‍ unicode കാണാം. ഇല്ലേ?
    വേറെ എളുപ്പവഴി കിട്ടിയാല്‍ ഇവിടെ അപ്ഡേറ്റ് ചെയ്യണേ..
    ടോണി

  28. kulthura

    Hi, i came across this website to know about chillaksharam characters. a nice explanation is mentioned here, but all these about pc’s. nobody talk about font support on phone.
    I am using PaniniKeypad app on my java & android phones. every thing is works fine, but the chillu characters is not supported on phone. typing with PaniniKeypad is easiest experience on phone i have never seen this kind of predicting technology.
    can any one help me to put fonts in phones.
    Thanks.

  29. madhavabhadran

    Dear Tony,

    ഞാന്‍ ഒരു കംപ്യൂട്ടര്‍ എക്സ്പര്‍ട്ടല്ല. പക്ഷെ മലയാളം റ്റൈപ്പു് ചെയ്യാന്‍ പഠിച്ചു. Inscript Keyboard for windows OS. ഈ ബ്ലാഗില്‍ കൊടുത്തിരിക്കുന്ന വിവരങ്ങളില്‍ നിന്നാണു് യൂണിക്കോഡു് എന്താണെന്നു് വ്യക്തമായി മനസ്സിലായതു്.

    എനിക്കറിയാവുന്ന പല എന്‍ജിനിയര്‍മാര്‍ പോലും ഇപ്പോഴും മംഗ്ലീഷു് റ്റൈപ്പു് ചെയ്യുന്ന രീതിയാണു്. മലയാളം മലയാളത്തില്‍ റ്റൈപ്പു് ചെയ്യാന്‍ എന്തു് കൊണ്ടു് ഇവര്‍ ശ്രമിക്കുന്നില്ല?

    മലയാളത്തെ സ്നേഹിക്കുന്ന ഒരാളെ കണ്ടതിന്റെ സന്തോഷം കൊണ്ടും കുറേ വിവരങ്ങള്‍ ഇവിടെ നിന്നും മനസ്സിലാക്കാന്‍ സാധിച്ചതു് കൊണ്ടും എന്തെങ്കിലും ഇവിടെ എഴുതിപ്പിപ്പിക്കാതെ പോകാന്‍ മനസ്സു് അനുവദിച്ചില്ല.

    വളരെ നന്ദി.

    ഡോക്ടര്‍ ഭദ്രന്‍

  30. tony Post author

    ഹലോ ഡോക്ടര്‍,
    എളിയ രീതിയില്‍ ഈ ബ്ലോഗ്‌ ഉപകാരപെട്ടു എന്നറിഞ്ഞതില്‍ സന്തോഷം. :)
    വീണ്ടും കാണാം..

    ടോണി

  31. Harry TJ

    Is there a full inscript key borad for Malayalam in Win-7 (64-bit)?. I installed the malayalam key borad. But I am not getting the Chillu. I will appeciate a direct answer to my emai.

    I am interested in Inscript key board, bcause it is appoved by Govt of India & Kerala. There are lersser key strokes and hence less chances of number of mistakes, though difficult to learn . Inscrit Malayalam works ok with my Win XP (32-bit)
    My Keyman does noy work now.
    -Harry, Bahrain +(973) 367 xxx xx

  32. tony Post author

    Windows 7 comes with the Inscript keyboard by default, as far as i know. Chillu letters always had problems though its far better now.
    I recommend not to give phone numbers in the blog. (am removing it anyway)

    tony

  33. Harry TJ

    Thanks Tony. Pl give the key sequence for different chillus, the key combination for-Win-XP 32-bit does not work in Win-7 (64-bit)
    -Harry

  34. Jithu

    Kooottakksharangal like ”LLA” “PPA” onnum sherik kaanan kazhiyanilla enganeya ath solve cheyya…

  35. Gafoor

    Hi Tony,

    ഞാന്‍ പല മലയാളം ഫോണ്ടുകളും ഉപയോഗിച്ചു നോക്കി. ഒട്ടു മിക്കതിലും ഒന്നുകില്‍ ചില്ലാക്ഷരങ്ങളോ, അല്ലെങ്കില്‍ പുതിയ ലിപികളോ പ്രശ്ന്മാകും. അവസാനം ML_TT Revathi ഉപയോഗിച്ചു. അതില്‍ അക്ഷരങ്ങളെല്ലാം നല്ലപോലെ തന്നെ കിട്ടുന്നുണ്ട്. പക്ഷേ സേവ് ചെയ്ത വേര്‍ഡ് ഡോക്കുമെന്റ് വെബ് പേജായി കണ്‍വര്‍ട്ട് ചെയ്യുമ്പോള്‍ “ണ്ട” എന്ന അക്ഷരം കാണുന്നില്ല, കൂടാതെ വേര്‍ഡുകള്‍ തമ്മിലുള്ള സ്പെയ്സിംഗും മാറിപ്പോകുന്നു. സിസ്റ്റം വിന്‍ഡോസ് 7 Inscript keyboard ആണുപയോഗിക്കുന്നത്. പഴയ ലിപിയില്‍ ചില്ലാക്ഷരങ്ങളെല്ലാം നല്ലപോലെ ഉപയോഗയുക്തവും യൂണികോഡ് സപ്പോര്‍ട്ടുമുള്ള ഒരു ഫോണ്ട് നിര്‍ദേശിക്കാമോ?.

    Thanks for the informative blog….Rgrds.

  36. tony Post author

    i think most of the latest malayalam unicode fonts are in this site
    http://saikatham.com/downloads/unicode-fonts/
    പക്ഷെ, ഏതു ഫോണ്ട് ആണെങ്കിലും പെർഫെക്റ്റ്‌ ആവുമെന്നു തോന്നുനില്ല. :(
    applications have still not implemented Unicode specifications fully correctly.

  37. divakaran

    how can we find out all key strokes after writing in phonetic Malayalam (mozhi keymap) so that same key strokes can be used further for writing.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


one + 1 =

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>